The Phoenician Mill

The Phoenician Mill of Verezzi (Photo by M.Ciarlo)
The Phoenician Mill of Verezzi (Photo by M.Ciarlo)

The Phoenician Mill of Verezzi, so defined for the Phoenician and Middle Eastern influences that characterize its construction technique, represents the best preserved example of the three currently present in Europe, one in Spain and one in Sicily, near Caltanissetta, both ruined.

In this type of wind mill, the blades were located inside the structure and moved thanks to the wind that passed through the open slits on the facade. The windows were closed or opened according to the wind and needs, so as to convey the flow with maximum intensity on the veiling of the blades and thus make full use of the mill's power. 

Unlike traditional wind mills, which made maximum use of the wind coming from only one direction, this mill was therefore able to exploit the entire wind rose, and was suitable for areas with weak but constant winds such as Verezzi.