The "Gariga"

The Gariga
The Gariga

The hills above Varigotti are covered by a herbaceous and discontinuous vegetation called "gariga". The garrigue is a young plant community, dynamically evolving towards more mature forms, represented first by the Mediterranean scrub and then by the holm oak (Mediterranean vegetation in its most evolved stage or climax). Evolution can be slowed down due to natural causes, such as soil scarcity in rocky areas, or due to human action (fires and overgrazing): in the case of the Varigotti hills all these factors have had an influence.

 

The spring floriculture of the garrigue is a palette of bright colours: from the blue of the aphillant to the pink of the cistus to the yellow of the brooms. Several species are aromatic essences that can be used in cooking: in addition to the well-known rosemary, which grows wild here, thyme and savory are easily found. For most of the year, however, the garrigue appears desolate, especially when it extends over large areas.

Pink Cistus
Pink Cistus
Arbutus
Arbutus